How does office design affect labor productivity?

Most office workers spend at least 60% of their time indoors, which can affect their mental condition, behavior, ability, and communication style. So the office design needs to create good atmosphere, adequate lighting, air-conditioning, reduce noise and fresh colors to reduce stress and improve productivity.

Office design is the arrangement of the workspace in a certain order so that employees can work effectively because a better working environment will result in better labor.

The characteristics of the job and the employees are important elements of office design. An office with an informal atmosphere stimulates the personal expression of its employees and maximizes their productivity.

Many studies in offices and office buildings have shown that discomfort, messy workplaces, and overall environmental conditions are all the culprits of reduced productivity, and most employees find that bothers to feel that the working environment makes them uncomfortable.

Office design often has to study both the employee and the working process. That is the workflow must be tested to make everyone happy.

After analyzing the work and determining how it works, the overall design will be constructed according to the workflow to ensure the job runs smoothly without any problems.

Basic elements in office design

Studies show that comfort and productivity can affect each other. Just a small change in the system or organization only helps improve working efficiency.

To design a good office, we should focus on the efficiency, creativity, and productivity of our employees. Based on recent manifestations, experts all agree that the factors affecting productivity are equipment, noise, mobility, comfort, communication, lighting, temperature, quality. air and workspace arrangements.

Suitable office equipment will yield 10 - 15% higher labor productivity. The poor air quality will make employees uncomfortable and can cause a range of illnesses that lead to tension among employees.

If indoor ventilation was increased to twice its minimum, productivity would inch up significantly. Temperature is also a factor that affects everyone in the work environment.

Too much or too little light affects the individual and can lead to stress. Maybe not just the amount of light, but the quality of the light as well. Each type of light has different properties.


If we have to complete everyday tasks in poorly lit or dimly lit environments, it will cause eye strain, lead to headaches, irritability, and depression.
Noise in offices comes from employees, machines, computers, or phones. Office noise also contributes to discomfort, stress, and distraction.

Effective office space design will aid the employees' day-to-day work, ensuring that both personal and shared spaces are utilized effectively. On the contrary, cluttered areas can also cause rude nagging among colleagues.

Studies have also revealed that female employees are more interested in the workspace than men. In the same environment, female employees pay attention to equipment and spatial design arrangements, while men are affected by noise, light, and temperature.